On Finding Brand New Things Inside Old Zoo Tiger Heads - And What It Probably Means


From the Smithsonian’s skeletal collections and from actual recently dead zoo animals brought into the LA County Museum, I examined and dissected out the heads of a whole bunch of tigers (and other big cats) from various zoos. I identified a small new muscle bundle as well as an odd feature in the base of the skull and explained them together as adaptations showing that the bodies of some zoo animals are slowly evolving to conform to life in captivity. Boring old wild tigers are out – the cool new caged models are in and they are hot, hot, hot!

Geordie Duckler

Affiliation The Animal Law Practice

Geordie heads The Animal Law Practice, a well-known unique private law practice in Portland, Oregon. The Practice’s clients are companion, domestic, commercial, and exotic animal owners and keepers, and its main focus is on the resolution, litigation, and trial of animal-related disputes and harms in cases at the state and federal levels. With over 600 animal law cases behind him to date, Geordie prosecutes as well as defends innumerable cases each year in areas ranging from relatively minor county code violations to quite significant veterinary malpractice suits and livestock injury cases. His practice is the only one of its kind on the West Coast and one of a small handful in the entire nation.

Geordie received his M.S. from University of Oregon in 1984, his J.D. from Lewis & Clark Law School in 1987, and his Ph.D. in Biology from UCLA in 1997. As an active research scientist at UCLA, he studied, lectured, and published extensively on animal anatomy and the role of disease within ancient and modern animal populations. He taught human and animal anatomy/physiology at academic institutions in both California and Oregon, and over the last 20 plus years has practiced law in both states as well.